By; Monica Stone
It is so true how we condemn so quickly, without trying to get the real truth and all the information. This happened to Jeanne D’Arc. She brought the message to the leaders of France, she eventually led France to freedom. But, she was condemned to burn at the stake as a heretic. To this day we still do the same, not literally burn people at the stake, but we gossip, smear and snitch, we do not make the effort to get the correct information, no it is easier to denigrate someone else, it makes us look and feel good.
Jeanne D’Arc, known as Joan of Arc in the English speaking world was born on January 6, 1412 in the village of Domremy during the 100 Years War, and died in 1431. She is now recognized by the Catholic Church as a saint. This young girl of only 19 led her people against the British invaders and destroyers of France at the time. The English launched an invasion in 1415 when the French was divided into hostile “Armagnac” and “Burgundian” factions. The Armagnacs were led by the Duke of Orleans and Count of Armagnac before becoming linked with the uncrowned Dauphin (claimant to the throne). The Burgundians were supporters of the Duke of Burgundy who allied himself with the English in 1420. She was later captured and handed over to the English by the pro-Burgundian troops and she put on trial by pro-English and Burgundian clergy, who condemned her to burn at the stake for perjury and heresy in Rouen, France in the year 1431. Her death made her famous and even more powerful as she is such an example what one person, and in her case a young girl can accomplish when you have complete Trust and Believe God to help you to do His Will. With her conviction and leadership she inspired the flagging army of Charles VII against the English and she led her troops in Orleans to victory and Charles VII was crowned king in Rheims 1429.
Jeanne said she received messages and visions of the Archangel Michael, St. Catherine (of Alexandria), St Margaret (of Antioch) and occasionally the Archangel Gabriel.
Jeanne D’Arc convinced Lord Robert de Baudicourt to provide her with an escort to bring her to the Royal Court at Chinon in February 1429. After an eleven- day journey through enemy held territory she was allowed to present her case to Dauphin Charles. He was encouraged by her words, but sent her to the city of Poitiers to be examined by a group of high- ranking clergy, including the Archbishop of Rheims, the Inquisitor of Toulouse, several Bishops, and a number of prominent theologians. They reported to Charles that nothing improper has been found in her, only well, humility, chastity, piety, propriety, simplicity. (Well nothing has changed today, if you show any nationalism, patriotism you are questioned by the inquisitors, namely Homeland Security or such departments).
Dauphin Charles allowed her to accompany an army to Orleans. She arrived there on April 29th. Her troops took the English fortress built around the Church of St. Loup on May 4th, followed by the fortress of the Augustinians on May 6th, then followed Les Tourelles on the 7th. The English cancelled the siege the next day. This victory was followed by the capture of Jurgeau on June 12th, the bridge at Meung-sur-Loire on the 15th and the town of Beaugency on the 17th. The next day witnessed even a larger victory for the French when the English lost over half of their field army near Patay on June 18th.
All these victories opened the way for a campaign to bring Charles VII to Rheims, the traditional site of Royal coronations. After accepting the surrender of the city of Troyes and other towns along the way, the army entered Rheims on July 16th. The coronation took place on July 17th.
Then at this point the Royal government had their talks around the negotiating table for a fifteen day truce with the Duke of Burgundy, followed by a four- month truce concluded on August 21st which served little purpose other than to prevent the Royal army from seizing additional locations at this crucial time We see this scenario taking place time and time again, instead of finishing what has been accomplished we stop halfway to negotiate to give the little we have to the enemy who already lost the war.
With the attack Jeanne was wounded by a crossbow arrow. Charles decided to abandon the campaign immediately afterward and ordered the troops to return to the Loire Valley. The army was disbanded on September 21st.
Jeanne D’Arc took part in a brief campaign that autumn during which Royal troops captured the town of St-Pierre-sur-Loire in late November and early December.
During the winter she resided at various Royal estates returning to the field the following spring. She received little direct support from the Royal government, which was still hoping to establish a permanent peace.
This may be the context for a letter she dictated to a scribe on March 23 1430 in which she threatened
That she would lead a crusading army against the Hussites unless they return to the Catholic Faith and the original Light. The English translation of her letter is at the end of this article.
Jeanne accompanied an army which defeated a small force at Lagney-sur-Marne in April 1430 which was led by a pro-English mercenary Franquet d”Arras.
When the Duke of Burgundy launched a campaign against the city of Compiegne she was spurred to more desperate action. The city refused to put itself under the Duke’s jurisdiction as required by the treaty established the previous August. Jeanne was present when a small Armagnac force tried to capture the bridge at Port-l’Eveque May 16th in order to sever Burgundy’s line of supply. The attack failed.
As the Burgundian army laid siege to Compiegne itself, Joan made a fateful decision to go the city’s aid despite the fact she predicted she would be captured before St. John’s Day (June 24th).
She brought a small number of troops into Compiegne on the morning of May 23rd. Later the day she was present during an attack against the Burgundian camp at Marigny north of the besieged city. Burgundian troops which were concealed behind the Mont-de-Clairoix hill suddenly emerged and force her soldiers to retreat, then surrounded her small group when the nearest drawbridge leading to Compiegne was shut, thereby blocking her only route of escape. She refused surrender until a Burgundian archer rode up behind her and pulled her off her horse. Lionel of Wandomme, a member of John of Luxembourg’s contingent, pushed his way through the crowd and convinced her to surrender to him.
This action initiated the sequence of events which allowed the English to obtain her and place her on trial. She was captured by the Burgundians, transferred to the English in exchange for money, put on trial by the pro-English Bishop Beauvais Pierre Cauchon for charges of “insubordination and heterodoxy” and burned at the stake for heresy when she was 19 years old.
What was the driving force of Jeanne D’Arc to save her country? The situation France found herself in during what we call the ‘Hundred Years’ War which begun in 1337 as a succession dispute over the French throne with intermittent periods of relative peace. Nearly all the fighting took place in France and the English army’s use of chevauchée tactics (similar to scorched earth strategies) had devastated the economy. The French population had not recovered from the Black Death of the previous century and its merchants were isolated from foreign markets. At the outset of Jeanne D’Arc’s appearance, the English had nearly achieved their goal of dual monarchy under English control and the French army had not achieved any major victories for a generation.
The French king at the time of Jeanne’s birth, Charles VI, suffered bouts of insanity and was often unable to rule. The king’s brother Duke Louis of Orleans, Duke of Orleans, and the king’s cousin John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy, quarreled over the regency of France and the guardianship of the royal children. This dispute escalated to accusations of an extramarital affair with Queen Isabeau of Bavaria and the kidnappings of the royal children. The matter climaxed with the assasination of the Duke of Orleans in 1407 on the orders of the Duke of Burgundy.
Henry V of England took advantage of this turmoil to invade France, winning a dramatic victory at Agincourt in 1415 and capturing many northern France towns. The future French king, Charles VII, assumed the title Dauphin – the heir to the throne – at the age of fourteen, after all four of his brothers died in succession. His first significant official act was to conclude a peace treaty with Burgundy in 1419. This ended in disaster when Armagnac partisans assassinated John the Fearless during a meeting under Charles’ guarantee of protection. The new Duke of Burgundy, Philip the Good, blames Charles for the murder and entered into an alliance with the English. The allied forces conquered large sections of France.
Although Jeanne and the Duke of Alencon urged a prompt march on Paris, the royal court preferred a negotiated truce with the Duke of Burgundy. Duke Philip the Good broke the agreement, using it as a stalling tactic to reinforce the defense of Paris. The French army marched through towns near Paris and accepted more peaceful surrenders. Is this not true to form even today, in the name of “peace” we keep on surrendering to the enemy who will destroy us piece meal after piece meal.
Jeanne D’Arc’s Capture:
In those days it was customary for a captive’s family to ransom a prisoner of war. Jeanne was in an unusual circumstance. Many historians condemn King Charles VII for failing to do his duty towards this brave Maiden who made sure he would be crowned the king of France. She attempted to escape many times. The English government eventually purchased her from Duke Philip of Burgundy.
Her trial of heresy was politically motivated. Jeanne went against the plans of the Duke of Bedford to claim the throne on behalf of his nephew Henry VI with her campaign to get Dauphine Charles VII crowned king of France. The legal proceedings started on January 9, 1431 at Rouen the seat of the English occupational government.
There were quite a few irregularities. But as we have learned through the years in our own experience with so many court cases and legal proceedings in the 21st century that nothing really changed. The Power Elite will not tolerate morality, decency and most of all free thinking.
Bishop Cauchon who caused Jeanne so much grieve had no jurisdiction over the case. Here again we experience the same scenario, nothing changed, only the names and places. Clerical notary Nicolas Bailley, commissioned to collect evidence against Jeanne could find no adverse evidence. This did not matter the trial went ahead anyway. Jeanne was denied legal counsel!
During the trial Jeanne showed remarkable intellect. When asked if she knew she was in God’s grace, she answered, “If I am not, may God put me there; and if I am may God so keep me.” This of course was a scholarly trap. Church doctrine held that no one could be certain of being in God’s grace. If she had answered yes, then she would have convicted herself to heresy. If she had answered no, then she would have confessed her own guilt.
Several court functionaries later testified that significant portions of the transcript were altered in her disfavor. As it was in the trial of Jesus Christ, the trial of Jeanne D”Arc and so many of our martyrs through the ages, death threats were made, in Jeanne’s case the threats came from the English. Jeanne should have been confined to an ecclesiastical prison under the supervision of female guards (i.e .nuns). Instead she was held in a secular prison guarded by English soldiers. Bishop Cauchon denied Jeanne’s appeals to the Council of Basel and the pope, which would have stopped the proceedings.
Jeanne dressed in battle dress when she was in the field with the other soldiers, it was more convenient and appropriate she also had her hair cut short. Jeanne agreed to wear women’s attire while in prison and she was approached by an English lord who wanted to take her by force. In terms of doctrine she had been safe to disguise herself as a page and it deterred molestation in the field as well as prison.
Even with all the testimonials to explain why Jeanne dressed in male attire and had her hair cut she was sentenced to die. She was to die at the stake on May 30, 1431. When Jeanne was tied to a tall pillar at the Vieux-Marché in Rouen, she asked two of the clergy, Fr. Martin Ladvenu and Fr. Isambart de la Pierre to hold a crucifix before her. After she died the English raked back the coals to expose her charred body so no one could claim she had escaped alive, then burned the body twice more to reduce it to ashes and to prevent any collection of relics. They cast her remains into the Seine from the only bridge called Mathilda. The executioner, Geoffrey Therage later stated he “greatly feared to be damned.”
The Hundred Year’s War raged for another 22 years after Jeanne D”Arc’s death. In 1452 during the posthumous investigation into her execution the Church declared that a religious play in her honor at Orléans would allow attendees to gain an indulgence (remission of temporal punishment for sin) by making a pilgrimage to the event. Another ritual to make things “right”?
After 22 years a retrial opened. Pope Callixtus III authorized this proceeding, also known as the “nullification trial” at the request of Inquisitor-General Jean Brehal and Jeanne’s mother Isabelle Romée. The aim of the trial was to investigate whether the proceedings followed protocol and was just according to canon law. A panel of theologians analyzed the testimony of 115 witnesses. Brehal drew up his final summary in June 1456 which describes Jeanne as a martyr and implicated Pierre with heresy for having convicted an innocent woman in pursuit of a secular vendetta. The technical reason for her execution had been a Biblical clothing law. The nullification trial reversed the conviction in part because the condemnation proceeding had failed to consider the doctrinal exceptions to that structure. The court declared her innocent on July 7, 1456.
Now after her death 600 years ago Jeanne D’Arc became the symbol of hope, the inspiration of artists, writers and most of all her dedication and Trust in God and her loyalty to king and country. We do not experience these qualities amongst our womenfolk anymore, only here and there, not enough to inspire an army to march against the enemy of today and bring the children of God to Victory! What a very sad state of affairs we find ourselves in. It is time to go back to what is good and what is right to make us worthy for our Heavenly Father for His divine intervention.
The history of Jeanne D’Arc is us over and over and again and again the treason of those who look like us, but are not of us, who are not the children of the Most High God, but His mortal enemy hell-bent on the destruction of His children. There is really nothing new under the sun. We keep on making the same the mistakes because we do not learn anything from history and we do not question, we just accept what the mainstream media blurts out hour after hour. We make celebrities who are rotten to the core heroes and heroines, instead of looking for inspiration from a very young girl who died such an excruciating death, so terrible we cannot even begin to fathom what she went through. How wonderful and faithful was she till the end. She took her inspiration from our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ to endure till the end. So many Messengers were sent to us in the past, so many are here today, still we do not heed, we do not listen, the drums are beating our demise, so open your eyes and your ears. God will be with us, listen to the message.
JEANNE D’ARC’S LETTER:
For a long time now, common knowledge has made it clear to me, Jeanne the Maiden, that from true Christians you have become heretics and practically on a level with the Saracens. You have eliminated the valid faith and worship, and have taken up a disgraceful and unlawful superstition; and while sustaining and promoting it there is not a single disgrace nor act of barbarism which you would not dare. You corrupt the sacraments of the Church, you mutilate the articles of the Faith, you destroy churches, you break and burn statues (of the saints) which were created as memorials you massacre Christians unless they adopt your beliefs. What is this fury of yours, or what folly and madness are driving you? You persecute and plan overthrow and destroy this Faith which God Almighty, the Son and the Holy Spirit have raised, founded, exalted, and enlightened a thousand ways through a thousand miracles. You yourselves are blind, but not because you’re among those who lack eyes or the ability to see. Do you really believe that you will escape punishment, or are you unaware that the reason God does not hinder your unlawful efforts and permits you to remain in darkness and error, is so that the more you indulge yourselves in sin and sacrileges, the more He is preparing greater suffering and punishments for you?
For my part, to tell you frankly, if I wasn’t busy with the English wars I would have come to see you long before now; but if I don’t find out that you have reformed yourselves I might leave the English behind and go against you, so that by the sword – if I can’t do it any other way – I will eliminate your false and vile superstition and relieve you of either your heresy or your life. But if you would prefer to return to the Catholic faith and the original light, then send me your ambassadors and I will tell them what you need to do; if not however, and if you stubbornly wish to resist the spur, keep in mind what damages and crimes you have committed and await me, who will mete out suitable repayment with the strongest forces both human and Divine.
Given at Sully-sur-Loire on the 23rd of March to the heretics of Bohemia.
Paquerel (Jeanne’s Scribe).
This letter of Jeanne D’Arc written 600 plus years ago still ring true today. When are we going to break this cycle of unlawful behavior by politicians, clergy and humankind who are altogether in this melting pot of sin, superstition and unrighteousness?
VOICE OF GOD
CHAPTER 15:10 -11
I know too well the deceit to which men are prone.
The adulterer and fornicator preach chastity for others,
While the liar declare the virtues of Truth.
The thief preaches honesty and the lewd-minded professes modesty.
Men say one thing and mean another, while all too often the half or slanted
Truth replaces the real thing. Men may deceive themselves and other
Souls and eradicate hypocrisy before presuming to approach Me.
Men may well cry out, “Why does God remain mute, why has He deserted me?”
Do they think their deeds are hidden or that I cannot read the secrets
Of their hearts?
Worship by men of iniquity is mere mockery. How rare the sincere and genuine heart!
Were men indeed deserted by their God, they would have none to blame but themselves.
Do men think their lack of kindness and consideration for others, their
Insincerity and inconsistency are truly hidden from Me? I am the All Knowing One.
I see too little love of goodness in the hearts of men and too much fear
For the consequences of their deeds.
SOLI DEO GLORIA